The guidelines are grouped into four categories: Grammar, Orthography, Style, and Vocabulary. These are described below. Click on the links at left to see the guidelines.

Common Structure

Each guideline contains a concise explanation of a writing problem and how to avoid it. This is followed by examples of what to do and what not to do:

No: Examples like this show what you should avoid doing.

Yes: Examples like this show what you should aim for.

Whenever possible, the examples have been taken from authentic student writing, so you can see real instances of the problem in question.

Grammar guidelines

The grammar guidelines deal with what we might call “correct and incorrect English,” that is, actual grammatical errors in learners’ writing. Those given here are specially targeted at Swedish students’ problems.

Orthography guidelines

The orthography guidelines deal with spelling and punctuation in English—that is, how the language is encoded using written symbols.

Style guidelines

The style guidelines deal with writing clearly, logically, effectively, and in a manner appropriate to the genre and type of text.

Vocabulary guidelines

The vocabulary guidelines deal with words and other lexical items that you should know and be able to use in your writing. Some guidelines help to differentiate pairs of words that are often confused by learners.

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